**SP211 General Physics I** (3-2-4). The first of a two course sequence emphasizing the fundamental principles of classical physics and a variety of applications. Topics include mechanics, electricity, magnetism, wave motion, fluids, sound, and light. Lectures, recitations, hands-on laboratories, and large-scale demonstration lectures are employed. *Prereq: SC112 or SC151; Coreq: SM221 or SM223 or SM251 or approval of department chair.*

**SP212 General Physics II** (3-2-4). Continuation of SP211. See SP211 description for topics. *Prereq: SP211 or SP221 or approval of department chair.*

**SP221 Physics Mechanics I** (3-2-4). A first course in classical mechanics for physics majors. Newton's laws are applied to particles and systems of particles. Energy and momentum methods are developed. Applications include simple, damped, and driven harmonic motion as well as gravitation and orbital motion. *Coreq: SM221 or approval of department chair.*

**SP222 Electricity and Magnetism I** (3-2-4). A first course in electricity and magnetism for physics majors, with an emphasis on the concepts of fields and potential. The course culminates in the formulation of Maxwell's equations. *Prereq: SP221 or SP211*

**SP226 Heat, Sound and Light** (3-2-4). A first course on the basic concepts of thermodynamics, acoustics, and optics for physics majors. Topics include heat engines, refrigerators, cosmology, the Doppler effect, beats, shock waves, fluids, lenses, telescopes, polarization, interference and diffraction. *Prereq: SP211 or SP221*

**SP301 Modern Physics** (3-0-3). An introduction to the theories of relativity and quantum mechanics. Topics include relativistic mechanics, blackbody radiation, wave-particle duality, the Bohr theory, quantum phenomena, nuclear decay and nuclear reactions. *Prereq: SP212 or SP226*

**SP310 Astronomy** (3-0-3). An introduction to the fundamentals of astronomy as a physical and mathematical science, covering stellar and galactic astronomy, and both ancient and modern models of the universe. *Prereq: SP212 or SP226 or approval of department chair.*

**SP324 Physics of the Atom I** (3-2-4). An introduction to the theory of quantum mechanics, with emphasis on the statistical interpretation. Topics include simple systems, mathematical formalism, the hydrogen atom, and angular momentum. *Prereq: SP327, SP333, SM212; Coreq: SM311 or approval of department chair.*

**SP327 Twentieth Century Physics** (3-0-3). A study of the development of physics in the twentieth century, with particular attention given to relativity theory, quantum theory, and atomic physics. *Prereq: SP222 and SP226.*

**SP333 Physical Mechanics II** (4-0-4). An intermediate course in physical mechanics for physics majors. Newtonian, Hamiltonian, and Lagrangian mechanics with special emphasis on the central force problem and noninertial reference frames. *Prereq: SP221 or SP211 and SM212.*

**SP342 Electricity and Magnetism II** (4-0-4). An intermediate course in electromagnetic theory for physics majors. Maxwell's equations are formulated in the notation of vector analysis and applied to various situations. *Prereq: SP222 and SM311.*

**SP351 Problem Solving Methods I** (3-0-3). A course in the techniques of mathematics for physics with special emphasis on applications for intermediate mechanics. The course includes a detailed examination of coordinate systems; applied integration, differential equations and Fourier series; linear algebra, introduction to vector spaces; vector calculus; and additional topics chosen from geometry, calculus of variations and special applications in physics. *Prereq: SM212; Coreq: SP212 or SP222.*

**SP352 Problem Solving Methods II** (3-0-3). A course in the techniques of mathematics for general physics with special emphasis on applications for electromagnetism and quantum mechanics. The course includes applications of vector calculus, further applications of linear vector spaces, boundary value problems, techniques for quantum mechanics, and additional topics chosen from among introductory numerical methods, fundamentals of statistics and special applications in physics. *Prereq: SP351.*

**SP411 Underwater Acoustics and Sonar** (3-0-3). A fundamental study of sound propagation in the ocean environment as it relates to the design and operation of sonar. Topics include wave mechanics, detection theory, Fourier analysis, ray tracing, waveguides, and scattering. *Prereq: SP212 or SP226.*

**SP425 Physics of the Atom II** (3-2-4). A second course in Quantum Mechanics. Topics include distinguishable and identical particles, atomic structure and spectra, perturbation theory, nuclear structure and reactions, and fundamental particles. *Prereq: SP324 and SM311.*

**SP434 Nuclear Physics** (3-2-4). A study of the basic static and dynamic properties of the nucleus and of the interaction of particles and radiation with matter with an emphasis on experimental techniques. Where appropriate, quantum mechanical interpretations of the phenomena are given. *Prereq: SP425.*

**SP436 Acoustics** (3-2-4). An introduction to modern acoustics. Topics include vibration and normal modes; coupled oscillators; discrete Fourier transforms; radiation, transmission and detection of sound waves; electroacoustics; psychoacoustics, architectural acoustics, musical acoustics, and Sonar. *Prereq: SP212 or SP226 and SM212.*

**SP438 Optics** (3-2-4). An introduction to modern optics. Topics include polarization, interference, coherence, diffraction, Fourier transforms, holography, optics of solids and basic laser physics. *Prereq: SP342.*

**SP442 Solid State Physics** (3-2-4). An introduction to the physics of condensed matter. Topics include crystalline and noncrystalline solids, band theory, semiconductors, magnetism, and superconductivity. *Prereq: SP324 or approval of department chair.*

**SP444 Thermal Physics** (3-0-3). A presentation of topics in thermal properties of matter and radiation as derived from the laws of quantum mechanics and statistics. *Prereq: SP425 or approval of department chair.*

**SP445 Astrophysics I** (3-0-3). A study of the physics of astronomical objects such as stars and galaxies. *Prereq: SM212 and SP301 or SP324 and SP310 or approval of department chair.*

**SP446 Astrophysics II** (3-0-3). This course is a continuation of SP445 (Astrophysics I). It is designed for the first-class astrophysics-track. Students explore the current understanding of extragalactic astrophysics and cosmology. In particular, they study the structure and dynamics of various galactic types, the large-scale structure of the universe and the origin and fate of the universe itself. *Prereq: SP445.*

**SP447 Observational Astrophysics** (2-2-3). This laboratory course if designed to give students hands-on experience with the techniques of modern astrophysical observation, data analysis and interpretation. Observations are made with instruments ranging from binoculars to optical and radio telescopes, an detectors ranging from the human eye and cameras to state-of-the-art charge coupled devices. These data, as well as observations available on-line, are reduced with modern analysis methods, with particular emphasis on image processing. A variety of projects explore the major observational fields of astrometry, photometry, spectroscopy and imaging, and how they provide our fundamental knowledge about the Universe. A part of the newly created astro-track within the Physics Department, this course is, in addition, open as an elective to physics and other majors. *Prereq: SP310.*